The National Institute for Sentencing Alternatives (NISA) was a criminal justice public policy center within the Heller School for Social Policy and Management. NISA was founded in 1980, with support from the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, as a training program for judges, probation officials, and others interested in the use of restitution and community service as alternatives to incarceration. Over time, NISA expanded its mission to focus on the broader public policy issues of sentencing, the use of prison and jail, and the management of corrections resources. Through education and training, policy analysis, program development, and research, NISA provided services to legislators, judges, law enforcement agencies, corrections administrators, and others with a stake in the criminal justice system. NISA sought to increase understanding of the risks and needs of criminal offenders; the feasibility of prisons for purposes of punishment and public protection; and the emergence of sentencing alternatives such as restitution, intensive supervision, house arrest, and community service. The center closed circa 1990.