Luciano Berio (1925-2003) was an Italian composer known for his experimental works and his involvement in the advancemend of electronic music. Berio studied composition at the Milan Conservatory until 1951. In 1955, he and fellow composer Bruno Maderna founded Italy's first electronic music studio. Founded the Juilliard Ensemble in 1968, which promoted the performance of contemporary music. He was influenced by serialism, electronic devices, and indeterminacy. Berio developed the "collage" technique, borrowing extracts from other composers or imitating stylistic characteristics. Examples are Sinfonia, in which Berio quotes material from Mahler's Symphony No. 2, Wagner's Das Rheingold, Ravel's La Valse, and Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier; and Laborintus II, in which street cries and interjections are blended with references to madrigals and to jazz. In 1986 and 1987 he transcribed 11 of Mahler's early songs for male voice and orchestra. From 2000 he was president of the Accademia di Santa Cecilia in Rome where, under his supervision, the new Auditorium Parco della Musica was inaugurated in 2002.