Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Edit

Summary

Agent Type
Person

Dates

  • 1882-1945 (Existence)

Name Forms

  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

Notes

  • Biography/Historical Note

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States, was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, N.Y. to James and Sara Delano Roosevelt. Roosevelt was educated privately at home until age 14, when he was enrolled in Groton Preparatory School in Groton, Massachusetts. In 1900 Roosevelt entered Harvard University, and later attended Columbia University Law School. On March 17, 1905 Roosevelt got married to his distant cousin Eleanor Roosevelt. After working briefly as a clerk in a law firm, Roosevelt has decided to launch a career in politics as a Democrat. In 1910 Roosevelt won a seat in the state senate of New York. For his active support of President Wilson, Roosevelt was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy in March 1913. While in office, Roosevelt had a reputation of an effective administrator. In 1920 Roosevelt became vice president of a bonding company, Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland. In August 1921 Roosevelt was stricken with poliomyelitis and for some time he was almost completely paralyzed. During this time, Eleanor Roosevelt became an effective public speaker and helped to prevent her husband's political career from ending. By 1924 Roosevelt has returned to political arena and in 1928 has become Governor of New York State, reelected in 1930. In 1932 Governor Roosevelt won the Democratic Presidential Nomination. The centerpiece of Roosevelt's presidential campaign was the New Deal program to overcome the deepening economic crisis. Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated as President of the United States on March 4, 1933. During his first term Roosevelt greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms of the New Deal. The New Deal included a broad array of measures intended to achieve economic recovery, to provide relief to the millions of poor and unemployed, and to reform aspects of the economy that had caused the collapse. By the year 1934 limited degree of recovery was achieved, and by the middle of 1938 the crisis had passed. Roosevelt ran for reelection in 1936 with the firm support of farmers, laborers, and the poor, and won over Republican candidate Alfred M. Landon. During his second term Roosevelt was primarily occupied with the internal affairs, however by 1939 foreign policy was overshadowing domestic policy. In 1940 Roosevelt was elected for the third term, winning Presidential election over Republican Candidate Wendell Willkie, and breaking two term tradition honored since the presidency of George Washington. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor Naval Base, and the United States became involved in the World War II. Until his death Roosevelt maintained strong relationship with allies through economic aid (Lend Lease) and active involvement in world politics and military actions in successful effort to rid the world of German National Socialism and Japanese militarism. Despite declining health Roosevelt ran for a fourth term against Republican Thomas Dewey, and won the election, becoming the only President elected to the office four times. On April 12, 1945 President Roosevelt died in his cottage in Warm Springs, Georgia.